Badami was the capital city of Chalukyas from 540 AD to 757 AD. Their kingdom was spread between Kanchipuram of Tamilnadu and Narmada in Gujarat. Ihole was the earlier capital city of Chalukyas. Pattadakal was the second capital.
Pattadakal was recognized as the world heritage site by UNESCO in the year 1987. Pattadakal temples are located on the banks of River Malaprabha which was a tributary of River Krishna. Six of these temples are built in Southern Dravidian style and 4 are built in ‘Nagura’ style.
‘Virupaksha’ temple is one of the prominent temples among the temples of Pattadakal. This temple was built by queen Lokamahadevi, who was the wife of Second Vikramaditya in 740 AD. So this temple is also called the ‘Lokeswaraalayam’. The temple tower is built with three storeys. A 3 meter Nandi statue is situated at the entrance of the temple. This was built with the influence of Kailasanatha temple in Kanchi. The temple walls have the pictures from Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagawadgita and Panchatantra.
Mallikarjuna temple which is built by second queen Trilokya Mahadevi is beside the ‘Lokeshwaralayam’. This is a smaller temple in comparison to Lokeshwaralayam. The most ancient of all these temples is the ‘Sangameswaralayam’ built by Vijayaditya.
The Jambulinga temple belonging to the 8th century was built with sand stone. This is an unfinished construction. Killing of Andhakasura by Lord Shiva can be seen on the walls of the temple. Lord Shiva can be seen with snake in one hand and trisulam in another hand and Goddess Parvathi beside him in the Kada Siddeswara temple. Government organizes Chalukya Cultural festival every year.
Driving directions and road map from Bhagalkot to Pattadakal
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Ihole is situated at a distance of 23 kms from Pattadakal. Goddess Durga temple, Ladkhan temple and Huchimilli temple are the important temples that should be visited. . Badami fort, Bhuthanadha temple, Agasthya teetham, Archeological museum are the must visit places in Badami.