How Brihadeeswara temple constructed? | Places to Visit around Brihadeeswara temple, Tanjavur
Most of the people who worked for the constructions of the great monuments like Tajmahal and Red Fort are the prisoners in the jail only. But the Brihadeeswara temple in Tanjavur / Tanjore is an exception because; most of the people who helped for the construction of the temple are the Indians only that to the devotees who came voluntarily. The raja of Chola, had made a statement and order that the names of the people those who helped in the construction of the temple are to be carved on the stones. The names of those people can be seen on the carvings. People used to believe that the temple is been constructed hundred years back during the reign of Kariakla Chola. But one of the researchers had made a statement that the temple is constructed during the times of Raja Raja Chola.
The Cholas used to be the powerful kings during the tenth and the eleventh centuries. The devotional god for them is the Lord Shiva. The Raja Raja Chola had expanded his kingdom starting from Tanjore in 985 AD to 1012. He ruled Kerala to Madurai besides Tanjore in the south of Kerala. The result of this is the income is increased a lot. Then only he decided to establish one of the famous constructions in the Tanjore and that idea paved the way for the wonderful construction of the Bruhadeeswara temple. The construction of the temple started in 1004 AD and completed on 1010.
How Brihadeeswara temple constructed? This temple is said to be one of the biggest temple in the country. The length of the temple is 793 feet and the width is 393 feet and the height of the Gopuram (temple steeple) is 216 feet. The whole construction of the temple is done by using the bricks and no cement, sand is been used in the construction. The temple is a 13 storied building which looks very beautiful and attractive from the outside. For the gopuram (temple steeple) which is located at the top is been constructed with 80 tons of a single stone. The total area of the gopuram (temple steeple) is 25.5 square feet. A special bridge is been constructed from 7 Km away from the temple to place the stone at the top of the temple. The sikharam (temple peak) appears as two parts and sections or the divisions from the far.
There are no forests or anything else in the surrounding of the temple. It is also estimated that the temple is been constructed by dividing the stones which are far away from the temple which his around 150 km away from the temple. The historians say that the secret behind the construction of the temple is to make his name and fame to be known to all the people during the reign of Chola king. Another specialty of the temple is the construction which is made by the carvings on the temple made it famous and looks beautiful.
The beauty of the construction of the temple is not only seen in the outside carvings but is seen inside the temple too. The lord Shiva inside the temple is been made with a single stone of 13 feet height. There is a belief that the lingam is been brought from the Narmada river shore. There are steps on both the sides of the temple to worship the lord. The gomukha panapattam is been constructed by using a stone which is 500 tons weight. The inside of the temple is divided into two parts and most of the temple inside is of the carvings that are made of the dancer’s carvings during the times of the Nayaka times. There are also the carvings of the raja chola who along with his three queens worshipping the lord Nataraj is been carved on the temple carvings. To know the customs and traditions during the Chola times can be known by these carvings and sculptures.
Places to Visit around Brihadeeswara temple, Tanjavur
The Brihadeeswara temple is situated at the center of the Tanjore city which is 320 km away from the south. There are many site seeing places in Tanjore like the Saraswathi Mahal Library, museum, the oldest instruments and weapons and coins. The Gangai konda cholapuram is 61 km away from the temple of Tanjore.
The Rajendra Chola of the west is the first king who expanded his empire in the south. He is the son of raja raja chola. He constructed the capital city as a memorial of his expansion of the kingdom. Another temple is been constructed by him which is very similar to that of the temple which is built by King Chola. These two temples look alike and the two temples are having the same wealth like the same carvings and the construction beauty which looks alike. By showing concern to his father he had decreased the height of the gopuram (temple steeple) to that of the original construction. But it is the biggest in its wide range of area and construction. There are many temples in this temple besides the lord Shiva temple.
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