Arrival of British to Shillong

Arrival of British to Shillong


In 19th century, British were searching for cool places unable to bear the heat of the Indian summer.  They reached Shillong and achieved supremacy over the Khasi tribes.  They planted pine, fir and other fruits trees.  They constructed buildings and named them after British.  Shillong is also called the ‘Scotland of the East’.

The influence of British on the Khasi tribe can be still felt with the number of cathedrals in the town, wood houses, the Khasi script in Roman letters and the rock music heard from every house.  Shillong is the birth place of many world famous rock musicians.  Heritage hotels which can be seen in Shillong were built by British.  Pianos, ball rooms, furniture, cutlery and fire places in the hotels remind the British culture.

Market place and touristic attractions of Cherrapunji

Market place and touristic attractions of Cherrapunji


Heavy rains wash out the top soil on the plateau and now Cherrapunji remained as a market place.  People of nearby villages come and sell their things here.  This market is held for every 8 days.  Government offices and hospitals work compulsorily on that day.  Taxis and Buses are also over crowded on the market day.
Though rainfall has decreased there are many places to be visited in Cherrapunji.  Nahkalikai waterfall is the 4th highest waterfall in the world. Honey, pepper, betel nuts and cinnamon are cheaper here.  Nohsngithiang waterfalls which are also called Seven sisters falls are another attraction.  This is at a height of 4,500 feet and Bangladesh is clearly visible from this height.  Mawsmai caves are located nearby.

Presently main attractions are Cherrapunji are the waterfalls and the limestone caves.  Mawsmai is one such cave. The ceiling of this cave is 30 – 40 feet at some places.  Water trickles from the ceiling.   These caves are very dark. Trekking and adventure caving facilities are available for those who are interested.

Cherrapunji is famous for root bridges.  These are formed with the roots of big trees.  These bridges can bear the weight of 50 people.  October – April is the best place to visit Cherrapunji.

Where is Anjuna Beach in Goa? | How to reach Anjuna Beach? | Interesting places in and around Anjuna village

Where is Anjuna Beach in Goa? | How to reach Anjuna Beach? | Interesting places in and around Anjuna village

Anjuna Beach Goa

Many people plan to spend their holidays in Ooty or Kodaikanal to get relief from souring summer heat.  Visit Goa this time.  Get over fatigue on the beautiful Anjuna beach.  Preserve those beautiful moments for a life time.

Anjuna beach is situated at 18 kilometers from the capital city of Goa.  This is praised as heaven by the tourists.  The waves of Arabian ocean entrance the tourists.  Anjuna beach is care of address for full moon day parties.  These parties are the main attraction here.  There is a fair on every Wednesday.  Nature lovers should visit Anjuna beach at least once in a life time, which gives mental peace as well as experiences which can be preserved for a life time.

It is not an exaggeration to say that Goa is the best place to get mental peace and to spend time in the nature, forgetting the outside world.  Anjuna village lies between Arabian sea and high mountain range, in an area of five square miles. A cave which is formed naturally with big mountain rocks is very beautiful.  The beauty of this cave, which is formed with the combination of white sand and black rocks, cannot be described.  Tourists who visit Anjuna beach, will  desire  to come back again and again.

Trader’s heaven

Wednesday’s in Anjuna, bustle with activity.  This place is crowded with tourist’s vehicle from 11 am itself.  The Wednesday fair is called ‘Wednesday Day flea market’.  Everything is available here.  This is described as the heaven of traders.  Beautifully designed Tibet, Kashmiri and Gujarati clothes are available cheaply here.  Traditional handicrafts are also available here.  Along with these European snacks, music cassettes under the name ‘Goa trans’ are sold like hot cakes.  Artificial jewellery and T-shirts are also available for lesser prices.

Anjuna beach is famous for full moon parties.  Young tourists are attracted to these parties.  There is a worldwide craze for these full moon parties.  These parties continue till the early mornings.  And beach fires go through all the night.  The parties with the full moon light and back ground music of the waves of Arabian Sea stay in the memories of tourists for a long time.  The traditional dances for western music by hippies are the high light of these parties.


Goa has a pleasant atmosphere throughout the year. Coats made with thin wool are needed in December and January months.  April and May months are warmer.  June and October months witness heavy rains. In summer the temperatures are between 240 centigrade and 32.70 centigrade. In winter the temperatures vary between 21.30 and 32.20.

Air Services: Tourists can reach Anjuna beach in many ways.  Air services are available till Dabolim Airport which is 29 kms from Panaji.  Anjuna beach is at the distance of 47 kms from ‘Dabolim’.

Train Journey: Tourists can get down at Karmali Railway Station which is 11 kms from Panaji and reach Anjuna beach which is 29 kms from there.

Road ways: Buses to Anjuna beach (8 kms from Mapusa) are available for every one hour from Mapusa which is at a distance of 18 kms from Panaji. Local bus services are also plenty. Tourists also can hire a motor cycle or a taxi from ‘Mapusa’.

How to reach Pinjore / Pinjaur in Chandigardh? Location map of Pinjore gardens:

How to reach Pinjore / Pinjaur in Chandigardh? Location map of Pinjore gardens:

Interesting places in Chandigarh:

Chandigarh is an excellent newly designed city. In this city the main place to be visited is Nackchand Rock Gardens. The other places which are looks very attractive for tourists are the construction of University Building and Secretariat Building. From the distance of 20 Km from Chandigarh there is a beautiful garden which is in the form of steps in the mountain ranges like view at a place called Pinjore / Pinjaur which is a one of the tourist place to be visited by everyone. There is a temple called Goddess Manasa Devi which is at the outside of the city. In the same way there is a place called Kalka which as temple of Goddess Kalika which starts at the way from Chandigarh to Simla. Among the Nine temples which are treated as Nava Durgas by the people of that area the Manasa Devi and Kalka Devi temples are two of them.

How to reach Pinjore / Pinjaur in Chandigardh? Location map of Pinjore gardens:

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How the Kollur Mookambika got that name? | The temple architecture and Mookambika idol details

How the Kollur Mookambika got that name? | The temple architecture and Mookambika idol details

Kollue MookambikaThis temple has a history for its origin.  In Kritayugam there was a demon Kamasura in this place.  He did penance to please Lord Shiva.  Goddess Parvathi  made him dumb to prevent him from asking boons.  Later she killed him on Jesta sukla ashtami on the Kodachadri hill.  So the Goddess is called Mookambika.

Kollur Mookambika temple is built in the Kerala architecture style.  There is a 20 feet Deepa sthambam at the entrance.  Gaja sthambam which has golden plating is a little shorter.  Devotees have the darshan of these stambhas and then enter the sanctum sanctorium.  Male devotees have to take off their vests and shirts before entering the temple.  Mookambika Devi appears in a cross-legged position.  Mookambika has four hands, with the chakram and sankham in the upper hands.

The idol of Goddess Mookambika was installed along with the Srichakram by Adisankaracharya.  Adisankaracharya peetham is at the west side of the sanctum sanctorum.  Earlier Devi appeared ferocious.  Adisankaracharya did penance and make her tranquil.  Adisankaracharya went to north India with the permission of the Goddess, it is said.  All the kings who ruled this place worshipped and developed this religious place.

A Jyothirlingam is present in front of the idol of Mookambika.  This lingam is divided unequally by the line.  Devotees believe that the small portion of the lingam is the place of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva; the big portion is the place for Saraswati, Mahalakshmi and Mahakali.  Decorations and Pujas are held for the idol and Abhishekam to the Lingam.

Chintakunta caves in Kadapa believed to have paintings done by ancient man | Road map and driving directions of Chintakunta Caves from Kadapa

Chintakunta caves in Kadapa believed to have paintings done by ancient man | Road map and driving directions of Chintakunta Caves from Kadapa

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Chintakunta caves in Muddanur mandal of YSR district are the historical witness to the existence of ancient man.  Rock paining and rock shelters belonging to Stone Age came to light in Chintakunta village in the caves near Survey number 425.  These are believed to be the proofs of existence of ancient man who lived before 25,000 years.  Chintakuna village also has caves like Belum caves and Borra caves.  Line drawing of Stone Age can be seen in these caves.  Rock painting in Chintakunta caves has the pictures of deer, snakes, birds, human beings, line forms, line drawings of human beings catching bow, elephants, foxes, rabbits, hyenas etc.  Total number of pictures in these caves is nearly 200.  Local people call this as Eddula Aavula Gundu.  These are believed to   belong to middle Stone Age.

Collector orders survey

A committee with Archeology, revenue and other government officials as members will conduct a survey of these pictures.  Government has ordered stopping of mining works near survey number 425.

An archeologist from Australia has mentioned in his book ‘Line on Stone, the Prehistoric Rock Art of India’ about Chintakunta caves. INTAC members and authorities of Archeological Survey of India visited this place on 17th August.  Professors of History and Archeology department, Yogi Vemana University also visited this place.  In this context, line drawings of Chintalakunta caves became famous.  Local people did not know the importance of these caves and line drawings.

There is a need to give world wide publicity to these caves in Chintakunta village.  Many evidences proved that pre historic humans resided in Spain and France 25,000 years back.  Now Chintakunta has come to light as a place where ancient human beings believed to roam here.  There are many beautiful line drawings in Eddulagundu caves.  Basing on these it is evident that ancient man moved about in these caves.

Largest rock painting in south India

An ancient rock painting is present in the state of Maharashtra, India.  But the rock paining at Chintakunta village is the biggest in South India.  These painting are believed to be as old as 22 to 30 thousand years.  Depending on the report of survey, future action plan will be suggested to the government.

Road map and driving directions of Chintakunta Caves from Kadapa :

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