How the Kollur Mookambika got that name? | The temple architecture and Mookambika idol details

How the Kollur Mookambika got that name? | The temple architecture and Mookambika idol details

Kollue MookambikaThis temple has a history for its origin.  In Kritayugam there was a demon Kamasura in this place.  He did penance to please Lord Shiva.  Goddess Parvathi  made him dumb to prevent him from asking boons.  Later she killed him on Jesta sukla ashtami on the Kodachadri hill.  So the Goddess is called Mookambika.

Kollur Mookambika temple is built in the Kerala architecture style.  There is a 20 feet Deepa sthambam at the entrance.  Gaja sthambam which has golden plating is a little shorter.  Devotees have the darshan of these stambhas and then enter the sanctum sanctorium.  Male devotees have to take off their vests and shirts before entering the temple.  Mookambika Devi appears in a cross-legged position.  Mookambika has four hands, with the chakram and sankham in the upper hands.

The idol of Goddess Mookambika was installed along with the Srichakram by Adisankaracharya.  Adisankaracharya peetham is at the west side of the sanctum sanctorum.  Earlier Devi appeared ferocious.  Adisankaracharya did penance and make her tranquil.  Adisankaracharya went to north India with the permission of the Goddess, it is said.  All the kings who ruled this place worshipped and developed this religious place.

A Jyothirlingam is present in front of the idol of Mookambika.  This lingam is divided unequally by the line.  Devotees believe that the small portion of the lingam is the place of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva; the big portion is the place for Saraswati, Mahalakshmi and Mahakali.  Decorations and Pujas are held for the idol and Abhishekam to the Lingam.

Chintakunta caves in Kadapa believed to have paintings done by ancient man | Road map and driving directions of Chintakunta Caves from Kadapa

Chintakunta caves in Kadapa believed to have paintings done by ancient man | Road map and driving directions of Chintakunta Caves from Kadapa

caves 1 caves 2



Chintakunta caves in Muddanur mandal of YSR district are the historical witness to the existence of ancient man.  Rock paining and rock shelters belonging to Stone Age came to light in Chintakunta village in the caves near Survey number 425.  These are believed to be the proofs of existence of ancient man who lived before 25,000 years.  Chintakuna village also has caves like Belum caves and Borra caves.  Line drawing of Stone Age can be seen in these caves.  Rock painting in Chintakunta caves has the pictures of deer, snakes, birds, human beings, line forms, line drawings of human beings catching bow, elephants, foxes, rabbits, hyenas etc.  Total number of pictures in these caves is nearly 200.  Local people call this as Eddula Aavula Gundu.  These are believed to   belong to middle Stone Age.

Collector orders survey

A committee with Archeology, revenue and other government officials as members will conduct a survey of these pictures.  Government has ordered stopping of mining works near survey number 425.

An archeologist from Australia has mentioned in his book ‘Line on Stone, the Prehistoric Rock Art of India’ about Chintakunta caves. INTAC members and authorities of Archeological Survey of India visited this place on 17th August.  Professors of History and Archeology department, Yogi Vemana University also visited this place.  In this context, line drawings of Chintalakunta caves became famous.  Local people did not know the importance of these caves and line drawings.

There is a need to give world wide publicity to these caves in Chintakunta village.  Many evidences proved that pre historic humans resided in Spain and France 25,000 years back.  Now Chintakunta has come to light as a place where ancient human beings believed to roam here.  There are many beautiful line drawings in Eddulagundu caves.  Basing on these it is evident that ancient man moved about in these caves.

Largest rock painting in south India

An ancient rock painting is present in the state of Maharashtra, India.  But the rock paining at Chintakunta village is the biggest in South India.  These painting are believed to be as old as 22 to 30 thousand years.  Depending on the report of survey, future action plan will be suggested to the government.

Road map and driving directions of Chintakunta Caves from Kadapa :

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Melukote is also called Thirunarayanapuram | Road map to Melukote from Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Melukote is also called Thirunarayanapuram | Road map to Melukote from Bengaluru, Karnataka, India


Melukote is also called Thirunarayanapuram.  ‘Mel’ means above and ‘Kotai’ means a small hill having a fort.  As per tradition Melkote is called Gnana mandapam, Kanchi is the Tyaga mandapam, Srirangam is the Bhoga mandapam and Tirumala is called the Pushpa mandapam.  Melkote is situated near Mandya town in Karnataka state.  Devotees can reach this place from Bangalore or Mysore.  As per sthalapuraanam, in the krutha yugam, a sage Sanatkumar brought the Utsavamurthy of Lord Vishnu from Satya lokam.  Thus this place was called Narayanadri.  In Threta yugam, Dattatreya worshipped this idol with Vedadhyayanam and so it was then called Vedadri.   In Dwapara yugam Lord Srikrishna worshipped the idol here and so it was called Yadavadri.

The temple at Melkote belongs to 11th or 12th centuries.  Bhagawadramanujam stayed here for 12 years when the Chola king Krimitantudu was torturing the people.  He restored the Melkote temple with the help of King Vishuvardhana.  Ramanujam re-installed the utsavamurthulu which were with Delhi Nawab.  The idol in this temple appears as a 14, 15 years handsome boy.  Goddess Lakshmi is called Yadugiri nachiyar.  Lord Narsimha swamy temple is situated on a temple here.  Brahmotasavam and Vairmudi festival are the important festivals here.

Road map to Melukote from Bengaluru, Karnataka, India:

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Kashmir reminds of apples, Himalayas, boat houses and beautiful people | Dal Lake in Kashmir is like a town on water with houses, markets and lotus gardens

Kashmir reminds of apples, Himalayas, boat houses and beautiful people | Dal Lake in Kashmir is like a town on water with houses, markets and lotus gardens

Kashmir looks like a beautiful painting created by God.  Kashmir flourishes with Himalaya mountains, green hills and flat stretch of land.  There are many apple, pine, chinar and Deodar trees.  Jhelum, Tawi and Chenab rivers flow in Kashmir.

Vaishnodevi temple is situated in Himalaya Mountains.  Tourists have to obtain a permission letter from security forces to visit the temple.  Leather and electronic goods are not allowed.  Travelling on horse backs on the steep hills is a scary experience.  Devotees even walk on foot shouting ‘Jai matadi’.  Dry fruits are sold everywhere. Journey to the temple will be a pleasant journey.

Security checking is conducted all through the journey.  Pilgrimage to Vaishnodevi is not complete without Visiting Bhairavanath temple.  Devotees can reach Bhairavanath temple travelling on the horse back.  There are deep valleys beside the roads and tourists who are new to this journey will get scared when the horses run on the hill steps.

Journey to Kashmir can begin from Katra.  Patny Top is situated at a distance from Katra.  River Tawi flows in the valleys near Patny Top.  Baglihar dam is built on River Chenab at Badaat.  Nehru tunnel is also situated on this route which is 2,577 mtrs.  Crossing Nehru tunnel means entering Kashmir.  Two and half hours journey in the tunnel is a memorable experience.

Roads of Kashmir are full of Military vehicles.  Military camps can be seen on the hills around.  Soldiers guard Kashmir with alertness.  Vehicles of tourists are also checked.

Pilgrimage to Amarnath starts from Shiva Temple at Pahalgaon.  This is said to be the place where Lord Shiva left his Nandi while going to Amarnath caves.    This place was called Bhairavagaon earlier and became Pahalgaon now.  Beauty of nature cannot be described in words.

Dal lake

Pampore is famous for saffron flowers.  Tourists can reach Srinagar via Pampore.  Dal Lake can be seen while travelling to Srinagar.  There will be many boat houses in Dal lake ready to welcome the tourists.  Nishanth and Shalimar gardens are other interesting places.

Jahangir hotel is a famous hotel at Srinagar.  This hotel is built in wood.  Curtains, blankets used in the hotel are an example of the hand work of Kashmiris.  Chinar leaves designs can be seen on almost everything.  Chinar trees are the providers of oxygen to these people.  So they do not spare the persons who pluck even a single leaf of Chinar.

Nishanth gardens are another interesting tourist place in Srinagar.  It has Himalayan Mountains in the back ground and is located in the middle of Dal Lake.  Shalimar gardens were built by Jahangir for his wife Noorjahan.  This garden is built in   storey and has rock fountains from this end to that end.  Small rest rooms are built here and there.  A palace is also built at the end of the garden.  This palace was used as a summer retreat.

Boats used on Dal Lake are made with Pine wood.  The wood is soaked in water for 7 – 8 years and boats are made with that wood.  Each boat cost above Rs.3 crores. Therefore the rents of these boats are also high.  These boats have hall, bed room, kitchen and garden.  Foreign tourists mostly stay in these boat houses.  This lake looks like a town on water.  Markets, houses, hospitals and lotus gardens can be seen in the lake.  Every boat house will have small boats tied in the front of them.  A fort is seen on a hill from Dal Lake.  That fort belongs to King Harisingh, last ruler of Kashmir.  Presently this fort is called Akbar Fort.

Sankaracharya temple is built on a hill near the lake at a height of 1000 feet.  This temple was believed to be built by Pandavas and was renovated by Sankaracharya.  There is a 3 to 4 feet shivalingam in the temple.

Gulmarg is situated in Baramullah district and is at a height of 9,000kms from sea level.  Apple gardens, mountains and streams can be seen all through the journey.  After travelling for three hours, a vast grass land can be seen having Himalayas as its back ground.  This ground changes into scating ground in winter and in other seasons it is used as a polo ground.

Small yellow colour flowers can be seen in large numbers.  Fruit bushes bearing yellow colour fruits are available here and it is said that bears eat the dry fruits of these flowers and go into hibernations during winter.  Twenty years back Kashmir was different with cinema shooting and national and international tourists.  Local people say that Pakisthan wants the pine trees grown in this area and pakisthan’s fight is not for Kashmiris but for the Pine tree because they are very expensive.  Terrorists used to come to the people of this area at mid night asking for dinner.  Security forces used to punish those who provide food to terrorists.  Presently situation in Kashmir is under control as the Indian government could able to control terrorism and tourists are visiting Kashmir though in small numbers.  People of Kashmir depend mostly on tourists for their livelihood.

There are also some people in Kashmir who support Pakisthan.  Kashmir is like a rose flower surrounded by thorns called terrorism.

Tourists can visit Punjab after Kashmir.  As every Indian is aware, Jallianwala bagh in Amritsar is a painful incident in Indian history.  Marks of cartridges on the walls remind one of the cruelty of General Dyer.  Golden temple, Wagha border are a must visit places in Punjab.

Amarkantak…. Driving directions and Road map to Amarkantak from Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India

Amarkantak…. Driving directions and Road map to Amarkantak from Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India


This is the birth place of Narmada devi.  This is a holy place for Hindus.  This place is in the midst of dense forests and mountains.  To reach this place one has to cross a forest named ‘Achankar Marg’Kapil Dhara and Doodh Dhara waterfalls are situated here.  The atmosphere here is very pleasant.  Facilities are provided for trekking.

Driving directions and Road map to Amarkantak from Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India:

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Kerala, God’s own country has many beautiful places to offer to the tourists | Cochin, Guruvayur, Tekkadi, Munnar… endless list of interesting places in Kerala

Kerala, God’s own country has many beautiful places to offer to the tourists | Cochin, Guruvayur, Tekkadi, Munnar… endless list of interesting places in Kerala

Kerala is called the God’s own country.  Tourists from Andhra Pradesh can start their tour of Kerala from Ernakulam. Many packages are available that take care of the tourist’s accommodation and food needs. Coconut trees and beautiful nature welcome the guests with pleasant atmosphere.

The first place to visit is Kovalam.  All through the journey coconut trees accompany the tourists.  Small canals travel along with them.  Red tiled houses look like toy houses in the midst of so much greenery.  Tourists reach Kovalam by 01.00pm.  Kovalam looks most beautiful with hills, sea, coconut trees, and restaurants on the hills.  Hemakk or net cradles are the main attractions here.

Trivandrum in Kerala has the famous Padmanabha Swamy temple.  The idol of Padmavabha swamy is in reclining position.  Devotees have to have the darshan of the Idol through three doors.  Idol in this temple is the largest idol.  There is also another idol of Vishnu in the form of Mohini.  Nagalakshmi, Naga chamundi, Vishnu Murthy temples can be visited while going to Aleppo from Kovalam.

Aleppo is called the ‘Venice of the East’ as it is full of canals.  House boats are the special tourists attraction in Aleppo.  House boats have 3 bed rooms, kitchen and a hall.  Experience of staying in moving hotels is unforgettable. The boat moves slowly in the backwaters.

View from the boat house around looks like a perfect picture post card with water around, coconut and banana gardens and houses in the middle of them.  Many massage centers are found here in Aleppo.

Tourists will be spell bounded by the beauty around and will not want to blink their eyelids.  Boating is available in the Vembanad Lake also.

Tekkadi is the next destination for the tourists.  Rubber plantations are seen in this journey.  Iron containers are tied to the trees and covered with plastic sheets.  Rubber milk gathers in the container.  Waterfalls and Tea plantations create scenic beauty and serenity.  Mother looks like wearing a green sari.

In Tekkadi many cottages are built in the forests. There is also a lake in the middle of the river.  Main attraction of Tekkadi is the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary.  Visitors can get into the three storey boats in the lake and take a look around.  Nilgiri deers, monkeys etc are found here.  Tigers also can be seen sometimes.

Munnar is the place where three rivers Nallathanni, Kundala, Mudrapuzha meet.  ‘Munu’ in Malayalam means three ‘Aru’ means River.  Munnar in Kerala is the most famous tourist destination with Tata Tea estates and Mahindra resorts.

Visitors have to travels on a ghat road to reach Munnar.  ‘Lock Heart Gap’ is written on a board leading to Munnar.  The nature really locks the hearts of the visitors with high water falls, tea plantations and shiny white clouds.

Munnar is situated at a height of 1600 to 1800 mtrs above the sea level and is called the ‘Himalayas of South India’.  The height of ‘Anamudi’  peak is 2695mtrs.  ‘Mattupetty’ dam is also located here. The beauty of tea plantations from this dam cannot be described in words.  There are hundred thousands of tea plantations on these mountains in Western Ghats. Eucalyptus trees also give a treat to the eyes.  These trees seem like touching the skies.

Munnar has many beautiful lakes.  Echo point is one of them.  Tourists forget even to blink their eyes in the fear of missing the beauty around.  Top station is a small village located in the Kerala – Tamil Nadu border.  This village is famous for Neelakurinji flowers which bloom for every 12 years.

Eravikulam Park is situated at a distance of 17kms from Munnar.  It houses Nilagiri deers, Sambars, and Langur monkeys.  This park is also famous for rare flower species.

Kaladi, the birth place of Sankaracharya is in Cochin.  The building has the idols of Lord Subrahmanya, Vighneswara and Parvathi.

Dutch palace in Cochin houses many paintings are rare articles of King Kerala Verma and Ram verma.  Catching fishes by Chinese fishing nets is very interesting.

Tourists who visit Kerala compulsorily come to Guruvayur to have a darshan of Lord Krishna.  Anybody will have to stand in the queue to have a darshan of God.  Idol in this temple is very small but exhibits lifelike appearance.