Churches in Goa built in the Roman-gothic architectural style | Road map and driving directions from Mumbai to Goa

Churches in Goa built in the Roman-gothic architectural style | Road map and driving directions from Mumbai to Goa


UNESCO team travels in the world to selects place and buildings that should be visited by the future generations as World Heritage sites.  UNESCO has selected Goa, Pattadakal and Hampi in India along with other places.

Ancient Goa is on the banks of river Mandavi.  In 16th century Bijapur Nawab Adil shah wanted to change his capital to ancient Goa and built a wonderful palace their.  At the same time Portuguese Army commander occupied this place.  For the next 340 years, Goa was the capital for the Portuguese rule in India.  Not only in trade, culture but also in culture and religion it was similar to the cities of Europe.  The churches in the main square brought back the memories of Portuguese grandeur and Roman Catholic world.

Bam Jesus’ Basilica church

‘Bam Jesus’ Basilica church which was selected as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1986 has the main deity Child Jesus.  The idol is very small.  The idol of St Ignatius Loyola idol which is at the back of Jesus idol is about 3 meter height.  At the top of the head, shining sun and the symbol of I.H.S. Jesuit can be seen.  Saint Loyola is the founder of Jesus Society.  The whole inside of the church has the gold plated covering.  This is the first church in South Asia which got the ‘Basilica’ status.  Roman Catholic Christians visit this church at least once in their life time.

The mortal remaining of St Xavier is preserved in this church.  This saint’s mortal remaining is preserved in a silver box since 400 years.  This box is kept on the right side of the main deity in a three storey marble tomb.  Saint’s body is taken on 3 rd December once for each decade for the devotees to visit. The body is going to taken out in 2014 for this decade.

Se Cathedral

‘Se-cathedral’ church is another famous church which is the biggest church in Asia.  This was built by a Portuguese Emperor.  This was built as a symbol of wealth, authority of Portugal.  This church is dedicated to St. Catherine.  This was built in the Portuguese-Gothic architectural style. Four small temples built for St. Anthony and St. Bernard and others can be seen on the right side of the temple.  The golden bell in the church is the biggest in Asia.  Pope Pious presented a Golden rose to the church in 1953.

St. Francis church

St. Francis church is located at the back of ‘Se-Cathedral’ church.  St. Antony Chapel and Lady of Rosary are the other main churches.  Viceroy Arch is situated on the banks of River Mandavi which has a historical prominence.  Great grand son of Vasco Da Gama, Francisco Da Gama who was a governor built this arch to welcome Portuguese Viceroys who come to Goa.

Road map and driving directions from Mumbai to Goa

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Pulicat is one of the oldest lakes and this is a place to watch the migratory birds | Shar center and Pelican Parade can also be visited

Pulicat is one of the oldest lakes and this is a place to watch the migratory birds | Shar center and Pelican Parade can also be visited

Pulicat Lake

A natural salt water lake with naturally formed islands, a waterfall which has not lost its natural charm, an abode for migrated birds, temples of Chengalamma and Kesava.  Visit all these at Pralaya Kaveri.

Shar Center:  The permission of PRO has to be taken to visit Shar Center.  Visitors are not allowed in to some special zones.  The zones in which the tourists are allowed are also very important.  This tour is beneficial for the college education age group but is not much helpful to kids.

Pulicat Lake: Boating facilities are available at this Lake.  Chilka Lake in Orissa is the biggest lake in India and Pulicat occupies the second place.  The water in Pulicat lake are salty as water from Bay of Bengal enters this lake.  But they are not exactly like sea water.  This is a brackish water lake.  In normal days the area of the lake is 250 sqm, while in rainy season it expands to 460sqkm.  Earlier this was called Pralaya Kaveri Lake.  Local people still call this as Pralaya Kaveri.  Part of this lake is in Tamilnadu.

Pelican Parade: Migratory birds which come here every year are the main cause for the popularity of this lake.  Pelican birds come here from Australia to lay eggs.  Flamingoes, spotted ducks, bill birds, white cranes etc roam in this lake.  The legs and nose of these Flamingoes are pink in colour.  May be legs and beaks of these birds are created like this so that they do not drown in water when they go deep in to water to catch fishes with their beaks.  Celebrations are held in the months of February and March which is the peak season in which the birds come here.  Collectors and higher authorities attend this festival.

Even when birds are not there, the beauty of the lake, the skillful fishermen, historic constructions of Portugese etc can be enjoyed all through the year.

Observing the life style of the fishermen closely will be a sweet memory.  Fishermen put all the fishes they catch in a basket and they go singing songs.  Wives of fishermen wait for them with a basket, a bag, oil bottle and a bowl carrying food for their husbands. Bag and oil bottle are for purchasing groceries from the money they get by selling fishes.  They bring  Ragi Ambali for their husbands.

Route map  from Tirupati to Pulicat :
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Train Timings and schedules, Train Ticket Fare, Distance, Fastest train from Ahmedabad Junction to Secunderabad Junction

Train Timings and schedules, Train Ticket Fare, Distance from Ahmedabad Junction to Secunderabad Junction | Fastest train from Ahmedabad Junction to Secunderabad Junction

5 trains between Ahmedabad Junction/ADI  and Secunderabad Junction/SC  improve the transport.
7203 number corresponds to the Bhavnagar Kakinada Express train. Ahmedabad Junction/ADI  is the starting point for this train and Secunderabad Junction/SC  is the destination point. It leaves at 10:05 and reaches at 10:20 +1 night. 1231 kms of distance is travelled in 24 h 15 min.It is scheduled only on Saturdays.It costs Rs.200 for general class, Rs.375 for SL class, Rs.1024 for 3A class, Rs.1410 for 2A class.It is the fastest train from Ahmedabad Junction to Secunderabad Junction.

7017 train number makes up for the Secunderabad Express. It makes it departure at 10:05 in Ahmedabad Junction/ADI  and makes it to reach the destination at 10:30 +1 night in Secunderabad Junction/SC . It takes 24 h 25 min to pass the distance of 1231 kms. The departure days of 7017 is on  Monday, Wednesday, Thursday,. They charge Rs.200 for general class, Rs. 375 for SL class, Rs.1024 for 3A class, Rs.1410 for 2A class.

Secunderabad Express train has number of number of 7038. It starts at 06:50 in Ahmedabad Junction/ADI  and reaches Secunderabad Junction/SC at 08:50 +1 night. Within 26 h 0 min it travels a distance of 1376  kms.This train is scheduled only on Saturdays.Fare for travelling in this train is Rs.215 for general class, Rs.398 for SL class, Rs.1090 for 3A class, Rs.1502 for 2A class, Rs.1502 for 2A class.

Bikaner Secunderabad Summer Special has the train number of 0720. It arrives the destination point of Secunderabad Junction/SC  at 08:50 +1 night by leaving the departure point of Ahmedabad Junction/ADI  at 06:50. It travels a distance of 1376 kms within 26 h 0 min.It is scheduled only on Mondays.Fare for travelling in this train is Rs.215 for general class, Rs.398 for SL class, Rs.1090 for 3A class, Rs.1502 for 2A class.

Name of 6734 train number is Okha Rameswaram Express. It starts at 15:40 in Ahmedabad Junction/ADI  and reaches the destination of Hyderabad Kacheguda/KCG  at 17:45 +1 night. It covers a distance of 1325 kms within 26 h 5 min.The train is exclusively available only on Tuesday.Fare of this train is Rs.208 for general class, Rs. 386 for SL class, Rs.1057 for 3A class, Rs. 1456 for 2A class.
Information regarding advance reservations, train ticket bookings, berths / seats availability, PNR status can be got in the official website of the Indian railways www. indianrail.gov.in

Train Timings and schedules, Train Ticket Fare, Distance, Fastest train from Pune to Secunderabad

Train Timings and schedules, Train Ticket Fare, Distance from Pune to Secunderabad | Fastest train from Pune to Secunderabad

Indian railways have allotted 9 number of trains between Pune Junction/PUNE  to Secunderabad Junction/SC.
Pune Secunderabad Shatabdi Special has the train number of 0163. It arrives the destination point of Secunderabad Junction/SC      at 14:30  by leaving the departure point of Pune Junction/PUNE  at 06:00. It travels a distance of 597 kms within 8 h 30 min. 0163 starts at Pune Junction/PUNE  on  Sunday, Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday.Fare of this train is Rs.780 for general class.It is the fastest train from Pune to Secunderabad.

LTT Vishakhapatnam SF Express has the train number of 2750. It arrives the destination point of Secunderabad Junction/SC  at 02:00 +1 night by leaving the departure point of Pune Junction/PUNE  at 15:35. It travels a distance of 597 kms within 10 h 25 min. It has departures on  Sunday, Thursday,.Rs.124 for general class, Rs.266 for SL class, Rs. 695 for 3A class, Rs.940 for 2A class,  are charged.

2701 number corresponds to the Hussain Sagar Express train. Pune Junction/PUNE  is the starting point for this train and Hyderabad Deccan Nampally/HYB  is the destination point. It leaves at 01:25 and reaches at 12:10 . 598 kms of distance is travelled in 10 h 45 min. It has daily trips.Fare for the travel is Rs.124 for general class, Rs.266 for SL class, Rs.695 for 3A class, Rs.940 for 2A class, Rs.1568 for 1A class.

7203 represents Bhavnagar Kakinada Express. This train departs at Pune Junction/PUNE  at 22:30 and reports an arrival at 10:20 +1 night at Secunderabad Junction/SC     . 11 h 50 min are required for it to travel 597 kms of distance.It travels only on Saturdays.Cost of the tickets is Rs.124 for general class, Rs.246 for SL class, Rs.665 for 3A class, Rs.910 for 2A class.

7017 is the number for Secunderabad Express. It starts at 22:30 in the departure point of Pune Junction/PUNE  and reaches the destination point of Secunderabad Junction/SC  at 10:30 +1 night. It takes 12 h 0 min to travel 596 kms of distance. The departure days of 7017 is on  Monday, Wednesday, Thursday,. They charge Rs.124 for general class, Rs.246 for SL class, Rs.665 for 3A class, Rs.910 for 2A class.

Konark Express has the train number of 1019. It arrives the destination point of Secunderabad Junction/SC  at 07:50 +1 night by leaving the departure point of Pune Junction/PUNE  at 19:05. It travels a distance of 597 kms within 12 h 45 min. It has daily departures and daily arrivals.Prices as below are applicable:  Rs.124 for general class, Rs.246 for SL class, Rs.665 for 3A class, Rs.910 for 2A class.

Dadar Hyderabad Summer Special train has number of number of 0731. It starts at 21:15 in Pune Junction/PUNE  and reaches Hyderabad Deccan Nampally/HYB  at 10:00 +1 night. Within 12 h 45 min it travels a distance of 598 kms.The train is exclusively available only on Sunday.Rs.124 for general class, Rs.246 for SL class, Rs.665 for 3A class, Rs.910 for 2A class,  are charged.

7031 train number also indicates Hyderabad Express. It leaves Pune Junction/PUNE  at 16:35 and reaches Hyderabad Deccan Nampally/HYB at 05:55 +1 night within duration of 13 h 20 min travelling a distance of 598 kms. It has daily departures and daily arrivals.Prices as below are applicable:  Rs.124 for general class, Rs.246 for SL class, Rs. 665 for 3A class, Rs.910 for 2A class.

7013 train number corresponds to Pune Hyderabad Express. It departs at 14:15 at the Pune Junction/PUNE  and arrives the destination at Hyderabad Deccan Nampally/HYB  at 04:30 +1 night. Distance travelled by this train is 649 kms and it reaches its destination in 14 h 15 min. This train leaves on  Monday, Wednesday, Saturday. Rs.131 for general class, Rs.259 for SL class, Rs.700 for 3A class, Rs.959 for 2A class,  is charged.
www. indianrail.gov.in is the official website of the Indian railways which gives the information about the advance reservations, train ticket bookings, berths / seats availability, PNR status.

Sowparnika River and Garuda Cave near Kollur | Road (Route) Map from Udipi to Kollur

Sowparnika River and Garuda Cave near Kollur | Road (Route) Map from Udipi to Kollur

Sowparnika River and Garuda Cave near Kollur

Sowparnika River

The river Sowparnika which flow in the sanctuary of Mookambika descend from Kodachadri hills with less depth. There are two more streams called Bhrungisha and Pippalada join the river Sowparnika.

There is a historical story pertaining the name of river which says that Suparna (Garuda) did a penance on the banks of this river praying to the Goddess for the salvation of his mother Vinutha’s sorrows. When the Goddess appeared before him, he prayed for her and she satisfied his wish and from then henceforth the river is known after him as Suparna and therefore came to be called as Sowparnika. The location where the Garuda did penance there is a small cave even today which is known as “Garuda’s Cave” which can be visited by the pilgrims.

The flow of the river contains a number of medicinal plants and roots through which the skin diseases can be cured by taking a bath in this river.

There is a historical belief that some of the valuable medicinal roots have been on the hill when Lord Hanuman used to take Sanjeevani Hill in order to recover Lord Lakshmana during the war with Ravana Brahma. The river joins in the Ocean at a place called Maravante.

Road (Route) Map from Udipi to Kollur:

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Train Timings and schedules, Train Ticket Fare, Distance, Fastest train from Bangalore to Mumbai

Train Timings and schedules, Train Ticket Fare, Distance from Bangalore to Mumbai | Fastest train from Bangalore to Mumbai

12 trains run between Krishnarajapuram/KJM and Kalyan Junction/KYN.
Rajkot Express has the train number of 6614. It arrives the destination point of Kalyan Junction/KYN at 04:49 +1 night by leaving the departure point of Krishnarajapuram/KJM at 07:20. It travels a distance of 1076 kms within 21 h 29 min.It travels only on Fridays.Fare for the travel is Rs.186 for general class, Rs.351 for SL class, Rs.958 for 3A class, Rs.1318 for 2A class.It is the fastest train from Bangalore to Mumbai.

Name of 1014 train number is Coimbatore Mumbai LTT Express. It starts at Bangalore City Junction/SBC  at 15:25 and reaches Mumbai Lokmanya Tilak Terminus/LTT at 14:30 +1 night. It covers a distance of 1137 km in 23 h 5 min. It runs seven days a week. It costs Rs.191 for general class, Rs.359 for SL class, Rs. 980 for 3A class, Rs.1348 for 2A class, Rs.2272 for 1A class.

1018 number corresponds to the Chalukya Express train. Bangalore Yesvantpur Junction/YPR  is the starting point for this train and Mumbai Dadar Central/DR is the destination point. It leaves at 06:30 and reaches at 05:50 +1 night. 1205 kms of distance is travelled in 23 h 20 min. It has daily trip except on Thursday. Rs.199 for general class, Rs.371 for SL class, Rs.1013 for 3A class, Rs.1394 for 2A class is charged.

6530 is the number for Udyan Express. It starts at 20:10 in the departure point of Bangalore City Junction/SBC  and reaches the destination point of Mumbai CST/CSTM  at 19:50 +1 night. It takes 23 h 40 min to travel 1153 kms of distance. It has daily departures and daily arrivals.Tickets costs as follows: Rs.194 for general class, Rs.363 for SL class, Rs.991 for 3A class, Rs.1364 for 2A class, Rs.2298 for 1A class.

Mumbai Express has the train number of 6340. It arrives the destination point of Mumbai CST/CSTM  at 20:50 +1 night by leaving the departure point of Krishnarajapuram/KJM at 21:30. It travels a distance of 1130 kms within 23 h 20 min. It has departures on  Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday.Ticket expenses for this train is Rs.191 for general class, Rs.359 for SL class, Rs.980 for 3A class, Rs.1348 for 2A class.

Name of 6332 train number is Mumbai Express. It starts at 20:45 in Krishnarajapuram/KJM and reaches the destination of Mumbai CST/CSTM at 20:50 +1 night. It covers a distance of 1130 kms within 24 h 5 min.This train is scheduled only on Saturdays.Fare of this train is Rs.191 for general class, Rs.359 for SL class, Rs.980 for 3A class, Rs.1348 for 2A class.

6506 train number is Gandhidham Express. It starts at Bangalore City Junction/SBC  is the departure point and Kalyan Junction/KYN  is the destination point for this train. 22:20 is the time it leaves at the departure point and reaches the destination at 21:44 +1 night. It covers a distance of 1166 kms in 23 h 24 min.Only on Saturdays, this train is available.Cost of the tickets is Rs.194 for general class, Rs.363 for SL class, Rs.991 for 3A class, Rs.1364 for 2A class.

Mysore Ajmer Express is indicated by 6210 train number. It consumes 23 h 24 min of time for covering a distance of 1165 kms.  The departure timing at Bangalore City Junction/SBC is 22:20 and arrival at Kalyan Junction/KYN  is 21:44 +1 night. This train leaves on  Tuesday, Thursday.Ticket expenses for this train is Rs.194 for general class, Rs.363 for SL class, Rs.991 for 3A class, Rs.1364 for 2A class.

6508 is the number for JODHPUR EXPRESS. It starts at 22:20 in the departure point of Bangalore City Junction/SBC  and reaches the destination point of Kalyan Junction/KYN  at 21:44 +1 night. It takes 23 h 24 min to travel 1166 kms of distance. The departure days of 6508 is on  Monday, Wednesday. They charge Rs.194 for general class, Rs.363 for SL class, Rs.991 for 3A class, Rs.1364 for 2A class.

0926 train number is Yeswantpur Ahmedabad Summer Special. It starts at Bangalore Yesvantpur Junction/YPR is the departure point and Kalyan Junction/KYN is the destination point for this train. 06:20 is the time it leaves at the departure point and reaches the destination at 06:48 +1 night. It covers a distance of 1086 kms in 24 h 28 min.This train is scheduled only on Thursdays.Prices are Rs.186 for general class, Rs.351 for SL class, Rs.958 for 3A class, Rs.1318 for 2A class.

6532 is the number for Garib Nawaz Express. It starts at 17:45 in the departure point of Bangalore Yesvantpur Junction/YPR and reaches the destination point of Kalyan Junction/KYN  at 21:44 +1 night. It takes 27 h 59 min to travel 1249 kms of distance.It travels only on Fridays. Rs.200 for general class, Rs.375 for SL class, Rs.1024 for 3A class, Rs.1410 for 2A class is charged.

6534 train number also indicates Yesvantpur Jodhpur Express. It leaves Bangalore Yesvantpur Junction/YPR  at 17:45 and reaches Kalyan Junction/KYN at 21:44 +1 night within duration of 27 h 59 min travelling a distance of 1249  kms.Only on Sundays, this train is available.Cost of the tickets is Rs.200 for general class, Rs.375 for SL class, Rs.1024 for 3A class, Rs.1410 for 2A class.
Official Indian railway website www. indianrail.gov.in is available for the details of advance reservations, train ticket bookings, berths/seats availability, PNR status.