How the Kollur Mookambika got that name? | The temple architecture and Mookambika idol details

How the Kollur Mookambika got that name? | The temple architecture and Mookambika idol details

Kollue MookambikaThis temple has a history for its origin.  In Kritayugam there was a demon Kamasura in this place.  He did penance to please Lord Shiva.  Goddess Parvathi  made him dumb to prevent him from asking boons.  Later she killed him on Jesta sukla ashtami on the Kodachadri hill.  So the Goddess is called Mookambika.

Kollur Mookambika temple is built in the Kerala architecture style.  There is a 20 feet Deepa sthambam at the entrance.  Gaja sthambam which has golden plating is a little shorter.  Devotees have the darshan of these stambhas and then enter the sanctum sanctorium.  Male devotees have to take off their vests and shirts before entering the temple.  Mookambika Devi appears in a cross-legged position.  Mookambika has four hands, with the chakram and sankham in the upper hands.

The idol of Goddess Mookambika was installed along with the Srichakram by Adisankaracharya.  Adisankaracharya peetham is at the west side of the sanctum sanctorum.  Earlier Devi appeared ferocious.  Adisankaracharya did penance and make her tranquil.  Adisankaracharya went to north India with the permission of the Goddess, it is said.  All the kings who ruled this place worshipped and developed this religious place.

A Jyothirlingam is present in front of the idol of Mookambika.  This lingam is divided unequally by the line.  Devotees believe that the small portion of the lingam is the place of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva; the big portion is the place for Saraswati, Mahalakshmi and Mahakali.  Decorations and Pujas are held for the idol and Abhishekam to the Lingam.

Melukote is also called Thirunarayanapuram | Road map to Melukote from Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Melukote is also called Thirunarayanapuram | Road map to Melukote from Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Thirunarayanapuram

Melukote is also called Thirunarayanapuram.  ‘Mel’ means above and ‘Kotai’ means a small hill having a fort.  As per tradition Melkote is called Gnana mandapam, Kanchi is the Tyaga mandapam, Srirangam is the Bhoga mandapam and Tirumala is called the Pushpa mandapam.  Melkote is situated near Mandya town in Karnataka state.  Devotees can reach this place from Bangalore or Mysore.  As per sthalapuraanam, in the krutha yugam, a sage Sanatkumar brought the Utsavamurthy of Lord Vishnu from Satya lokam.  Thus this place was called Narayanadri.  In Threta yugam, Dattatreya worshipped this idol with Vedadhyayanam and so it was then called Vedadri.   In Dwapara yugam Lord Srikrishna worshipped the idol here and so it was called Yadavadri.

The temple at Melkote belongs to 11th or 12th centuries.  Bhagawadramanujam stayed here for 12 years when the Chola king Krimitantudu was torturing the people.  He restored the Melkote temple with the help of King Vishuvardhana.  Ramanujam re-installed the utsavamurthulu which were with Delhi Nawab.  The idol in this temple appears as a 14, 15 years handsome boy.  Goddess Lakshmi is called Yadugiri nachiyar.  Lord Narsimha swamy temple is situated on a temple here.  Brahmotasavam and Vairmudi festival are the important festivals here.

Road map to Melukote from Bengaluru, Karnataka, India:

View Larger Map

Amarkantak…. Driving directions and Road map to Amarkantak from Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India

Amarkantak…. Driving directions and Road map to Amarkantak from Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India

Amarkantak

This is the birth place of Narmada devi.  This is a holy place for Hindus.  This place is in the midst of dense forests and mountains.  To reach this place one has to cross a forest named ‘Achankar Marg’Kapil Dhara and Doodh Dhara waterfalls are situated here.  The atmosphere here is very pleasant.  Facilities are provided for trekking.

Driving directions and Road map to Amarkantak from Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India:

View Larger Map

Sowparnika River and Garuda Cave near Kollur | Road (Route) Map from Udipi to Kollur

Sowparnika River and Garuda Cave near Kollur | Road (Route) Map from Udipi to Kollur

Sowparnika River and Garuda Cave near Kollur

Sowparnika River

The river Sowparnika which flow in the sanctuary of Mookambika descend from Kodachadri hills with less depth. There are two more streams called Bhrungisha and Pippalada join the river Sowparnika.

There is a historical story pertaining the name of river which says that Suparna (Garuda) did a penance on the banks of this river praying to the Goddess for the salvation of his mother Vinutha’s sorrows. When the Goddess appeared before him, he prayed for her and she satisfied his wish and from then henceforth the river is known after him as Suparna and therefore came to be called as Sowparnika. The location where the Garuda did penance there is a small cave even today which is known as “Garuda’s Cave” which can be visited by the pilgrims.

The flow of the river contains a number of medicinal plants and roots through which the skin diseases can be cured by taking a bath in this river.

There is a historical belief that some of the valuable medicinal roots have been on the hill when Lord Hanuman used to take Sanjeevani Hill in order to recover Lord Lakshmana during the war with Ravana Brahma. The river joins in the Ocean at a place called Maravante.

Road (Route) Map from Udipi to Kollur:

View Larger Map

Importance of Mookambika Temple in Kollur | Rooute map and driving direction to Mookambika temple in Kollr fro Udipi, Karnataka

Importance of Mookambika Temple in Kollur | Rooute map and driving direction to Mookambika temple in Kollr fro Udipi, Karnataka

Mookambika Temple in Kollur

Mookambikadevi temple is one of the ancient temple located at Kollur.  Kollur is beside the 17th national high way in the Kundapur taluq, Udipi district, Karnataka.  Temple of Goddess Mookambika is located on the banks of Souparnika at the bottom of the hill Kodachadri in Western Ghats.  It is said that an eagle named penance on the banks of this river to attain salvation and so this river is called Souparnika.  Devotees believe that the water of the river has medicinal values and taking bath in this river cures many diseases.

Road map and driving direction to Mookambika temple in Kollr fro Udipi, Karnataka:

View Larger Map

Churches in Goa built in the Roman-gothic architectural style | Road map and driving directions from Mumbai to Goa

Churches in Goa built in the Roman-gothic architectural style | Road map and driving directions from Mumbai to Goa


UNESCO team travels in the world to selects place and buildings that should be visited by the future generations as World Heritage sites.  UNESCO has selected Goa, Pattadakal and Hampi in India along with other places.

Ancient Goa is on the banks of river Mandavi.  In 16th century Bijapur Nawab Adil shah wanted to change his capital to ancient Goa and built a wonderful palace their.  At the same time Portuguese Army commander occupied this place.  For the next 340 years, Goa was the capital for the Portuguese rule in India.  Not only in trade, culture but also in culture and religion it was similar to the cities of Europe.  The churches in the main square brought back the memories of Portuguese grandeur and Roman Catholic world.

Bam Jesus’ Basilica church

‘Bam Jesus’ Basilica church which was selected as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1986 has the main deity Child Jesus.  The idol is very small.  The idol of St Ignatius Loyola idol which is at the back of Jesus idol is about 3 meter height.  At the top of the head, shining sun and the symbol of I.H.S. Jesuit can be seen.  Saint Loyola is the founder of Jesus Society.  The whole inside of the church has the gold plated covering.  This is the first church in South Asia which got the ‘Basilica’ status.  Roman Catholic Christians visit this church at least once in their life time.

The mortal remaining of St Xavier is preserved in this church.  This saint’s mortal remaining is preserved in a silver box since 400 years.  This box is kept on the right side of the main deity in a three storey marble tomb.  Saint’s body is taken on 3 rd December once for each decade for the devotees to visit. The body is going to taken out in 2014 for this decade.

Se Cathedral

‘Se-cathedral’ church is another famous church which is the biggest church in Asia.  This was built by a Portuguese Emperor.  This was built as a symbol of wealth, authority of Portugal.  This church is dedicated to St. Catherine.  This was built in the Portuguese-Gothic architectural style. Four small temples built for St. Anthony and St. Bernard and others can be seen on the right side of the temple.  The golden bell in the church is the biggest in Asia.  Pope Pious presented a Golden rose to the church in 1953.

St. Francis church

St. Francis church is located at the back of ‘Se-Cathedral’ church.  St. Antony Chapel and Lady of Rosary are the other main churches.  Viceroy Arch is situated on the banks of River Mandavi which has a historical prominence.  Great grand son of Vasco Da Gama, Francisco Da Gama who was a governor built this arch to welcome Portuguese Viceroys who come to Goa.

Road map and driving directions from Mumbai to Goa

View Larger Map