Pushkar Lake near Ajmer is the only place where temple for Lord Brahma is situated | Sthalapuranam of Pushkar
Pushkar Lake is situated at a distance of 11kms from Ajmer and is at a height of 1580 feet from the sea level. Gradually this place also became popular with the same name. Lord Brahma’s temple is situated on the banks of Pushkar Lake. This is only temple dedicated to Lord Brahma in the world. Pushkar is one of the prominent pilgrimage centers in India. This is also called Teerthraj. There are 52 bathing Ghats in around Pushkar lake. Sthalapuranam of this place is also very interesting.
Flower is the weapon
According to the Padmapurana, Lord Brahma killed a demon Vajranabha using the lotus flower in his hand as a weapon. Three petals from the lotus fell in three places and three lakes were formed. These are called Jeshta Pushkar, Madhya Pushkar and Kanishta
Pushkar. As the flower fell from the ‘kar’ or hand of Brahma this place is called Pushkar. Later he decided to perform a Yagna. He created Ratnagiri hills in the south, Nilgiri hills in the east, Sanchura hills in West and Suryagiri hills in east to prevent the attacks of demons and invited all the Gods. He sent his son Narada to bring Goddess Saraswathi who is also called Savitri Devi who is the wife of Brahma. Saraswati was ready to start but Narada advices her to come along with her friends. So she stops to come along with Lakshmi and Parvathi.
As the auspicious Mahurtham for the Yagna was passing, Brahma decides to marry a girl to perform the Yagna. Indra brings a girl from the nearby Gujjar family that sells milk. She was sent into a cow to get purified. Since she was purified by a cow she is named Gayatri. Brahma marries her and begin the Yagna. Saraswati comes there at that instance and gets angry on seeing another woman beside her husband. She curses all the people present there along with her husband Brahma. She curses her husband to become old and says that he will not have any temples other than at Pushkar. Indra was cursed to get defeated in every war, Lord Vishnu was cursed that he would born as a human being and will suffer the separation of his wife. Lord Shiva was cursed that he would reside in graveyard and brahmins were cursed to become poor and beggars. She later went in to the Ratnagiri hills to do penance and changed into a river. There is a small water stream beside the Savitri Devi temple on the Ratnagiri hills. All the devotees who visit Pushkar compulsorily visit Savitri Devi temple.
After Saraswathi leaves the place, Brahma requested the Brahmins to complete the Yagna. But they say that they should be relieved of the curse given by Sarawathi. Lord Brahma reduces the intensity of the curses given to them.
International Business Times has recognized Pushkar as one of the top 10 important pilgrim centers in India. And Pushkar is one of the five places Hindus in India visit compulsorily. Pushkar is also one of the five Pancha sarovaras. Pushkar is also mentioned in Mahabharata and Ramayana as Aditeertha. Taking bath once in the teertha in the month of Karthika gives the phalam of performing Yagna for hundreds of years.
Ancient temple at Pushkar is believed to be 2,000 years old | Pushkar mela and camel mela held in Kartika masam at Pushkar are visited by many people
Temple at Pushkar
Present temple at Pushkar belongs to 14th century. But the ancient temple before this temple is believed to be at least 2,000 years old. Silver coins are sticked to the inside walls of the temple. Devotees offer silver coins with their names carved to Lord Brahma. The idol of Brahma appears with four hands seated on a Swan. He has akshamala, kamandalam, book and darbha in his four hands. Gayatri Devi is seated on the left side of the idol. On the temple walls there are Saraswathi and other Gods.
Idol of Brahma should be worshipped only by people who take Sansyasa. Married men are prohibited from worshipping the idol. Only saints who belong to Parasara Gothram can only perform pujas to the God. Therefore devotees give their offering to the God through the priest. There is a silver tortoise opposite to sanctum sanctorum. Every year Kartika Poornima is celebrated very grandly here. Thousands of devotees take bath in the lake come to the darshan of Brahma. Special pujas are performed on every poornima and amavasya.
A folk festival is also celebrated in the month of Kartikam. This begins on Ekadasi day that comes after Diwali and ends on Poornima day. Camel mela is also held on this occasion. People from all corners of Rajasthan come to the mela. Pushkar Karthika mela is famous for handicrafts of Rajasthan, traditional clothes and ornaments.
Temples of Savitri and Gayatri are situated on two separate hills opposie to each other. Temple of Savitri or Saraswathi who was angry with Brahma is situated at the back side of the Brahma temple on Ratnagiri hill. Idol of Saraswati also looks angry.
There are around 400 ancient temples in Pushkar. Most important of all these is the Apteswar Temple. This can be found in a cave beside Lord Brahma’s temple. There is a story about this temple. When Brahma decided to perform a Yagna, a sanyasi came there with a skull in the hand. Brahma asks him to get away from that place. The sanyasi gets angry and disappears from that place leaving the skull there. Many skulls appeared at that place. Brahma understood that the sanyasi was Lord Shiva and installed a Shivalingam in the cave and worshipped him. Special pujas are performed on the occasion of Sivarathri.
Rangji temple in Pushkar is built in the south Indian architecture. Vishnu Murthy in this temple is worshipped as Rangji. Another important temple in Pushkar is the Varaha temple. This temple was built by Anaji Chowhan. Many more ancient temples are located in and around Pushkar.
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